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First aid method for vaccine response

First aid method for vaccine response

 

Author:Dekenag  Alice

 

In the process of injecting vaccines for animal epidemic prevention, the veterinarian epidemic prevention staff often encountered the inoculation response due to improper operation or different physical conditions of individuals when injecting vaccines for foot-and-mouth disease, etc. Therefore, some first aid methods are provided for reference.

 

Generally, mild mental depression or restlessness, loss of appetite and slightly higher body temperature will occur after the inoculation of individual animals. Treatment is not required, and symptoms can be relieved or disappeared after 1 to 2 days in a suitable environment, preferably without any medicine.

 

Acute reaction the acute allergic reaction may appear after the individual livestock infuses the seedling, wheezing, breathing quickens, eye conjunctiva hyperemia, trembling, the skin becomes purple, the mouth throws the white froth, often defecates, hind limb unsteady or falls ground convulses, if do not save very likely death. First aid method: usually only isopropyl hydrochloride is injected as soon as possible, cattle 500 mg, pigs and sheep 100 mg; Dexamethasone sodium phosphate, 30 mg for cattle and 10 mg for pigs and sheep (not used in pregnant animals); Subcutaneous injection of 0.1% adrenalin hydrochloride, 5 ml of cattle, 1 ml of pigs and sheep, can quickly recover livestock.

But for serious allergic symptoms of sick pigs, suit the use antihistamine drugs to relieve or eliminate urticaria, eyelid edema, diarrhea and bronchospasm allergic symptoms, such as diphenhydramine hydrochloride injection, commonly used intramuscular dose of 20 mg/kg - 60 mg/kg body weight, medicine 3 times, 4 times a day, until the symptoms disappear. Or intramuscular injection of chloramine to reduce capillary permeability, reduce swelling and exudation symptoms.

 

The most acute response the most acute response is similar to the acute response, only appears faster and the reaction is heavier. First aid method: immediate subcutaneous injection of 0.1% epinephrine hydrochloride, 5 ml of cow and 1 ml of pig and sheep, followed by repeated injection at the same dose after 20 minutes according to the degree of remission. Intramuscular injection of promethazine hydrochloride, 500 mg of cattle, 100 mg of pigs and sheep; Intramuscular injection of dexamethasone sodium phosphate, 30 mg cow, 10 mg pig sheep (pregnant animals do not use).

 

For the shock livestock, in addition to the above methods, also need to quickly puncture the ear tips, tail roots, hoof, big pulse points, and release a small amount of blood; 10 mg cattle and 2 mg pigs and sheep were given norepinephrine, 10% glucose injection (1500 ml cattle and 500 ml pigs and sheep) was added and intravenous drip was added. After the livestock wake up, the pulse rhythm is gradually restored and replaced with vitamin C: 5 grams of cattle, 1 gram of pigs and sheep; Vitamin B6:3 g of cattle, 0.5 g of pigs and sheep, 5% glucose injection (2000 ml of cattle and 500 ml of pigs and sheep) was added for intravenous drip; Then pour 5% sodium bicarbonate (500ml cow, 100ml pig and sheep) into an intravenous drip.

 

The veterinarian must prepare all the above drugs when injecting the vaccine, must observe certain time, can leave. Once the reaction is detected, take the above measures quickly to minimize the loss of death.

 

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